Monday, February 8, 2010

Civil War Weapons:A Look at Historical Instruments of War

If you are interested in learning about Civil War weapons, this article is designed to provide you with a helpful overview. More information on Civil War weapons can be found in any number of books available in the brick and mortar world and at a number of different websites on the Internet and World Wide Web.

Infantry tactics at the time of the Civil War were based on the use of the smoothbore musket, a weapon of limited range and accuracy. This was one of the most widely used of the Civil War weapons.

Firing lines that were much more than a hundred yards apart could not inflict very much damage on each other, and so troops which were to make an attack would be massed together, elbow to elbow, and make a run for it; if there were enough of them and they could run fast enough the defensive line could not hurt them seriously. But the Civil War musket was modified which made an enormous difference. It was still a muzzle-loader, but it had much more accuracy and a far longer range than the old smoothbore, and it completely changed the conditions under which soldiers fought. An advancing line could be brought under killing fire at a distance of half a mile, now, and the massed charge of the past was miserably out of date. Civil War weapons were designed with this type of fighting routine in mind.

When it comes to Civil War weapons he Civil War cannon, almost without exception, was a muzzle-loader, but the rifled gun was also widely used in the civil war. The favorite artillery piece in both the Union and the Confederacy was the Napoleon, a smoothbore twelve pound, muzzle-loader. Developed under the auspices of Louis Napoleon of France, it first appeared in the American artillery in 1857. As far as Civil War weapons are concerned, the most used rifled guns were the 3-inch Ordnance and 10-pdr Parrott rifles. These cannon were more accurate and had a longer range than the smoothbore.